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名词单复数

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1. 常考的不可数名词

furniture luggage clothing equipment poetry jewelry machinery weaponry scenery information knowledge homework evidence foliage advertising health

A : 流体 air water

B: 颗粒状物体 rice salt

C: 抽象名词 information

D: 总称名词 poetry machinery

E: 疾病不可数 diabetes糖尿病 measles麻疹

F: 自然现象 rain drops

G:学科不可数 mathematics economics statistics physics politics mechanics genetics geology geography chemistry philosophy biology history

2.常考的不规则单复数

man/men  woman/women  tooth/teeth  foot/feet  goose/geese     basis/bases  analysis/analyses  crisis/crises hypothesis/hypotheses  axis/axes alga/algae  larva/larvae  fungus/fungi stimulus/stimuli  datum/data  bacterium/bacteria  medium/media  spectrum/spectra  mouse/mice  child/children  phenomenon/phenomena  radius/radii

3. 常考的单复数同型的名词

aircraft spacecraft series species means sheep deer bison salmon trout carp

4. 常考的可数名词

discovery cloud mineral metal substance population effort effect animal plant mammal insect tree herb shrub element function feature picture result clue star reason audience device structure human human being system fashion resource source origin pioneer automobile purpose style response number amount variety quantity type kind influence emotion change

5. 即可数又不可数的名词

sugar , cloth , water , detail , paper ,work , light , science ,form , interest , art , area ,color , disease , illness , rock , stone ,matter , food , culture ,noise , liquid , solid , gas , climate , film ,material , population ,temperature,experience ,speech ,use time , life , action , activity , study

rock(砂岩) rocks(块岩) work(工作,作品) works(著作) paper(纸) papers(论文,报告,文件)

area(面积) areas(地区,区域) time(时间) times(次数) room(空间) rooms(房间) water(水) waters(水域)

collections由同一种物品构成,可数 his three collections of short stories

collection 由不同种物品构成,不可数 his art collection

※当一个不可数名词表种类时,可数。

可数/不可数 :①有无数的概念②抽象/具体 advertisment 广告可数 advertising 广告业 不可数

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