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英语写作中替换掉用到发腻的常用词 换点高大上的词汇

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动词替换:

1.Improve 提高:

Promote:促进AC之间的贸易promote the trade between A and C; He was promoted to senior manager in this company.

Advance:our understanding of human genetics has considerably(非常的,可换做vastly)advanced.

Enhance:the publicity has enhanced his reputation.这次宣传提高了他的名望

Reinforce:reinforce the interference of the autority and its ability of macro economic control 加强政府的干预和宏观调控能力

2.change 改变:

Transform:多指改头换面,完全改变,不能用于形容slightchange。说到人口变化:the increasing population has transformed the landscape and structure of local industrystructure.人口剧增改变了小镇的景色以及当地的工业结构

3.Emphasize 强调:

Highlight:thereport highlight the decline in the numbers of native(可以换作local)plants and insects.

highlight/emphase the significance/magnitude of…强调…的重要性

Stress:He stresses the need for parents to listen to their children.

Accentuate:the crisis accentuates the gap between rich and poor.

Address:address the ponderance of manipulating the inosculation between… and…in the right perspective 强调正确处理…关系的重要性

(highlight and emphasize 的区别:highlight是告诉人们重点,因而能够让别人注意,类似于老师勾重点;而emphasize则是使重点清晰,不管别人是否能注意得到。而stress则和emphasize差不多)

4.Develop培养:

Cultivate:cultivate the ability of …;培养情操;cultivatea more relaxed and positive way towards life.

Nurture:养育,同样可以指培养人才(talents)the sea nutures ample marine animals.

5.Break 破坏:

Impair:impairability; 主要是破坏能力,莫乱用。

Undermine这个词也是指的是抽象意义上的破坏,有逐渐削弱之意,重点是循序渐进的过程。Undermine one’sability/confidence/authority/position/credibility

Jeopardize:不能乱用,破坏的东西要上一定的等级才能配上此词。比如Jeopardize the process of peace.破坏和平进程

Devastate特指毁灭、蹂躏the earthquake devastated the whole city.

6.Keep 保存

Preserve、Conserve保护资源用的就是这个词,不要用protect,protect这个词用在保护具体的东西。

7.deal With解决

Tackle:tackle the problem.

Resolve:resolve dispute争论/conflict冲突/problem/issue/crisis危机;来自拉丁语,比较正式。

8.need 需要

Require:xxxrequires courage and confidence.

Necessitate:用法不简单,没有摸透。

call for(这也是个很高级的用法,奥巴马就用这个【我不晓得奥巴马咋个用的,原帖是这样说的,并且call for也挺正式的】):跟need一样的用法

形容词替换:

1.Everywhere 普遍的

Widespread:随便用

Prevalent:Drug abuse is especially prevalent among teenagers.

Overflow:泛滥the garden is overflew with colors of flowers.

Rampant:特指有害的东西泛滥,比如疾病,犯罪等,并且难于控制。H1n1 Virus is rampant in the world.甲流世界泛滥

2.Good 好的(太多了)

Impressive,glorious, amazing, brilliant, incredible, attractive…

Beneficial(反义词:detrimental)the drug is beneficial to the immune system.

be beneficial to fabricatingconservation-minded and eco-friendly society 有助于建设两型社会

Advantageous:特指有益的。Advantageous industry:优势产业

3.Harmful 有害的

Unfavorable,horrible, disgusting

Inhumane:没人性的

lousy(I’m fed up with the lousy job.)

severe(severe problem, illness, injuries.)

abysmal(低谷:their performance is abysmal.)

Detrimental:smoking is detrimental to your health.

Baneful:现阶段用不到,文学作品里面的“邪恶”,完全诘屈聱牙。

4.Rich 富有的

Wealthy、Affluent、ample

There are a myriad of stars in the Milky Way. (银河系好多星星啊!!)

5.Poor 贫穷的

Impoverished(动词表示使贫穷:The great depression had impoverished many third world countries.)animpoverished student.

7.Serious 严重的

Severe

8.Obvious 明显的

Manifest:a manifest error judge明显判断失误;Adv. Manifestly .e.g. a manifestly unfair system.

Apparent、Evident

Patent:patent impossibilities. 显然不可能的事。

9.cheap 便宜的

Economical:经济的,不浪费,而不是单纯指某物便宜。经济适用房:economicallyaffordable housing。

Inexpensive=cheap

Reasonable:价格合理的。Reasonable price

Affordable:能够支付的。

名词替换:

1.Forefather 祖先

Ancestor、Predecessor

2.Difference不同

Gap(简单但是牛)沟,generationgap——very common use in CET-4/6

Distinction:sharp/clear distinction between allergy and food intolerance (TBBT里面的Howard就有lactoseintolerance,一吃peanuts就会肿,长荨麻疹rash哈哈。)

再想牛就用schism。比如“填平两个分支学科之间的分歧”heal the schism between clinical medicine and public health.(有本书就叫这个。)

3.Crime 犯罪

Delinquency:一般crime都用不到。指道德败坏,违法行为,为显示词汇量可以与crime连用

Criminal Act:犯罪行为

4.Environment 环境

Circumstance:underthe circumstances. 相当抽象的词,“情况”。

Surrounding:表示周围居住的环境,相当具体。Nearby可与之互换。The surrounding area. 有细心的同学指出如果surrounding单独用作“环境”的话,后面必须要加复数——surroundings,我查了字典后发现的确是这样,而不加复数则只能归到形容词。

Atmosphere、Ambience:这两个词可替换,但是当atmosphere表示大气层的意思的时候则不能。

5.Pollution 污染

Contamination:我觉得太装B了,他的pp还不错:contaminatedwater—特指被污染的水

6.Human 人类

Individual/men/ones/以及一切表示工人,农民公务员等等的词

The human race

Humankind

Humanity:特别指出,用来表示人性。其他一概不要用。虽然也有人之类的意思。

7.Danger 危险

Hazard:化学、物理危害;隐患:pollutedwater is a hazard to wild life and nature;safety/naturehazard.

8. In modern society 在当今社会

Incontemporary society

Inpresent-day society

In  this day and age(这是最牛的说法)

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